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喀麦隆中部和东北部机械枯燥体系的接纳对可可豆品德和农场家庭福利的影响学习

日期:2021年03月30日 编辑:ad201107111759308692 作者:龙8 论文网 点击次数:27
论文价钱:100元 论文编号:lw202103202157331272 论笔墨数:32633 所属栏目:退职学习生论文
论文地域:中国 论文语种:English 论文用处:退职学习生论文 On-the-job graduate paper

本文是一篇退职学习生论文,本文以喀麦隆中部和东北部128户庄家为样本,阐发了MDS对可可豆品德和家庭福利的影响。Tobit模子的估量标明,接纳这项技术很大程度上遭到几个身分的影响,即教育程度、家庭范围、信贷/补贴的普遍性等。但是,仍需尽力使住户更轻易取得信贷、补贴和推行办事。


CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

1.1. Background

In Cameroon, agriculture is important for achieving the development goals of alleviatingpoverty, employing more than 75% of the country agricultural workforce. Cocoa beans is one ofthe main cash crops in Cameroon amongst coffee, rubber, banana, cotton, tea, etc. According tothe UN Food and Agriculture Organization, Cameroon is the world’s fifth biggest cocoaproducer behind the Ivory Coast, Ghana, Indonesia, and Nigeria (UNFAO, 2018). According torecent government statistics, this marketable crop accounts for about half of the country's exportsof basic products, such as food, wood, fish, and minerals (CMR 2017).

With an average annual production of up than 300 000 tons (382 000 tons for cocoa productionin 2017; CMR,2017), cocoa beans sales contribute about 250 billion XAF ($426 million) eachyear. The cocoa sector in Cameroon also accounts for about 2% of the national GDP, 6% of theprimary GDP and about 30% of the GDP of agricultural products subsector for export andprocessing (Pierre E;2016). Cameroon's cocoa beans sector is largely dominated by exporters ofunfinished products, namely raw cocoa beans. The plant is commonly grown in South-west,North-West, littoral, West, East, and Central regions of the country.

Despite being the country’s main cocoa beans producers, cocoa beans producers in South-Westand Central regions in Cameroon are still struggling on how to improve Cocoa beans’ quality.The producers, despite having an increase in government investments that were directlycorrelated with the rise in cocoa beans in the recent years, have not been able to achieve theexpected results.

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1.2. Statement of the Problem

Cameroon government intended to end the poor practices for drying method of cocoabeans. Experts in the industry have warned that, failure to respect good practices of drying cocoabeans, will not only lead to a low quality of cocoa beans, but will also lower the farmers’incomes as we know that the price paid for cocoa beans depends on quality of cocoa beans. Over6,000 farmers are involved in the cocoa and coffee industry which benefits about 6 millionpeople either directly or indirectly and represents 40 percent of Cameroon's exports in theprimary sector (GNA, 2013).

Cameroon cocoa beans suffers mainly from insufficient phytosanitary treatments, dryingand storage conditions that are often deficient and can have a significant impact on quality(moisture and diseases). Several measures had been taken by the authorities to alleviate thesequality defects.

Cameroon government had launched an awareness campaign mainly concerning cocoabeans drying stage, to inform farmers about a new way to dry their cocoa beans, the governmenteven created three centers to help farmers for drying their cocoa beans, is it enough? The answerwill be found below. Despite the initiatives taken by Cameroon government and other development actors, still adoption rate of MDS is minimal and the quality of cocoa beans needsto be improved.

Therefore, in this study, we assessed farmers’ knowledge of postharvest practices thatcontribute to the quality of cocoa beans; the factors that make difficult the adoption of a newtechnologies such as MDS and also, we assessed the advantages of the MDS and its impact onfarmer’s welfare.

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CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW


2.1. Smallholder practices

The purpose of drying is to stop the fermentation and to reduce the water content of thefermented beans. After fermentation, the beans are at a humidity of 55% and must be dried up to8% (merchantable cocoa bean water content) to ensure their good preservation and remove someof the acetic acid formed during fermentation (about 40%), ICCO, 2000. A bad drying lead tomoldy cocoa bean, therefore to the bad quality of coco bean. As Mention early, there are twotypes of d

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