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英国教育学essay:The Purpose of British Higher Education: Past, Present and Future

日期:2019年04月10日 编辑:ad200901081555315985 作者:论文网 点击次数:1616
论文价钱:150元 论文编号:lw201904101408161365 论笔墨数:6371 所属栏目:essay写作
论文地域:其余 论文语种:English 论文用处:硕士课程论文 Master Assignment
1.0 Introduction弁言
自18世纪以来,剑桥大学和牛津大学突破了宗教限定,起头了高档教育的精英教育,现在英国已成为天下上高档教育程度最高、范围最大的国度之一(Scott,1995年)。今朝,英国高档教育机构包含90多所大学、123所学院、50所教育学院。值得注重的是,英国高档教育的主旨及其相干政策并非一成稳定,在两百多年的汗青中,出格是近50年来,英国高档教育的主旨和办理政策做出了很多调剂。这些调剂在处理英国高档教育的范围、讲授品质和经费标题题目上获得了必然的成绩和经历(Scott,1995)。这些调剂为英国将来的高档教育鼎新供给了有代价的参考,也为其余成长中国度的高档教育成长供给了形式(Smith和Webster,1997)。本文学习了20世纪60年月以来英国高档教育的方针和政策调剂进程,以期瞻望英国高档教育方针和政策调剂的将来趋向。
Since the 18th century, the University of Cambridge and the University of Oxford broke religious restrictions to begin elite education of higher education, and now Britain has become one of the countries in the world with the highest level and the largest scales of higher education (Scott, 1995). Currently, British higher education institutions include more than 90 universities, 123 colleges, 50 educational colleges. It is noteworthy that the purpose of British higher education and related policies are not static, in the history of more than two hundred years, especially in the last 50 years, the purpose and management policies of British higher education have made many adjustments. These adjustments have made certain achievements and experiences in solving the problems of scale, teaching quality, and funding of British higher education (Scott, 1995). These adjustments provide a valuable reference for the future reform of higher education in the UK, they also provide a model for the development of higher education in other developing countries (Smith and Webster, 1997). This study studies the purpose of British higher education and the adjustment process of the policies since the 1960s, so as to forecast the future trend of purpose and policy adjustment of British higher education.
2.0 British Higher Education (1960-1980)英国高档教育(1960-1980)
2.1 The Transformation of British Higher Education (1960-1980)英国高档教育转型(1960-1980)
《罗宾斯报告》是对20世纪60年月至80年月中期英国高档教育成长的瞻望和规划。该报告论述了高档教育的方针和准绳、1962年英国高档教育的近况、英国高档教育与其余国度的比拟、对将来高档教育的瞻望和瞻望。R教育成长、经费标题题目、各部分的办理机制和职责,和英国高档教育鼎新与成长面对的一系列严重标题题目(tasker,1993年)。30多年来,英国高档教育在办学政策、体系体例设计、成长计谋、资金投入机制、办理运转机制和高校的成立、范围、监测、评估等方面产生了深入变更。罗宾斯报告是英国高档教育从传统形式向古代形式、从精英高档教育向公共高档教育的过渡宣言(罗宾斯报告,1963年)。
Robbins Report is the forecast and planning for British higher education development during 1960s - mid-1980s. The report elaborates the goals and principles of higher education, the status of higher education in the United Kingdom in 1962, the comparison of higher education in the UK with other countries, the prediction and vision of future higher education development, funding issues, management mechanisms and responsibilities of various departments, as well as a series of major problems that British higher education reform and development faced (Tasker, 1993). After more than 30 years, profound changes have taken place in British higher education in school-running policy, system design, development strategy, fund investment mechanism, management operation mechanism and establishment, scale, monitoring, evaluation of universities, as well as other aspects. Robbins Report is the transition declaration of the British higher education from the traditional model to the modern model, from elite higher education to popular higher education (Robbins Report, 1963).
2.2 British Higher Education Policy (1960-1980)
2.2.1 Democratized higher education system 
2.2.2 Expanded scale of higher education, transforming from elite education to popular education
2.2.3 Diverse structure of higher education, forming multi-level, multi-standard education system 
2.2.4 More open higher education system 
3.0 British Higher Education (1990-2010)
3.1 Problems in British Higher Education (1990-2010)
3.1.1 Unsatisfactory scale of higher education and unequal opportunities for education 
3.1.2 Increased grants and reduced education funding 
3.1.3 Diverse students and unified education 
3.1.4 New requirements for learning ability 
3.2 British Higher Education Policy (1990-2010)
3.2.1 Establish new mechanisms to raise funds for higher education and broaden the sources of edu
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