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香港essay写作:通俗法中诚信任务学习Research on the Duty of Good Faith in the Common Law

日期:2019年04月08日 编辑:ad200901081555315985 作者:论文网 点击次数:1488
论文价钱:150元 论文编号:lw201904041451436098 论笔墨数:3368 所属栏目:essay写作
论文地域:香港 论文语种:English 论文用处:硕士课程论文 Master Assignment
Abstract择要
本文对通俗法中的诚信任务停止了学习。全部学习分为五个局部,会商了最近几年来通俗法下诚信的新趋向,出格是Yam Seng Pte Ltd诉International Trade Corp Ltd,第一局部先容了通俗法系统中诚信任务的传统和新趋向。第二局局部析了诚信的观点、立律例定。第三局部是本文最主要的局部,即Yam Seng Pte Ltd诉International Trade Corp Ltd的案例学习。第五局部在实际根本和案例阐发的根本上,提出了诚信将来的远景和成长趋向。最初得出了全部学习的论断。
This essay studies on the duty of good faith in the common law. The whole study was divided into five sections, which have discussed the new trend of good faith in recent cases under the common law, especially Yam Seng Pte Ltd v International Trade Corp Ltd. The first part introduces the traditions and new trend of the duty of good faith in the common law system. The second part analyzes the concept, and legislative stipulation of good faith. Third part refers case study of Yam Seng Pte Ltd v International Trade Corp Ltd which is the most important section of this essay. Based on theoretical base and case analyses, fifth part puts forth the prospect and development trend of good faith in the future. Finally it draws conclusion of the whole study. 

Table of Contents
1. Introduction 3
2. The Duty of Good Faith in the Common Law 4
2.1 Concept of Good Faith 4
2.2 legislative Stipulation of Good Faith 5
3. Case Analysis: Yam Seng Pte Ltd v International Trade Corp Ltd case 7
3.1 Overview of the case 7
3.2 Good faith as an implied term in the contract 8
4. Prospect of the Duty of Good Faith in the Common Law 9
5. Conclusion 10
Reference 12

1. Introduction先容
诚信是条约法的主要学说。在英国条约中,处处都能够看到诚信,这构成了一种错觉,即在条约中所谓的“诚信”象征着一方对另外一方有任务。在大陆法系中,好心准绳被以为是一种“正当法例”的“帝国条目”。在中国,“民法公例”和“条约法”都合用了诚信准绳,并进一步明白地将诚信作为民本家儿体在利用权力和实行任务时必须遵照的准绳之一。法官将自动在某些法律案件中合用诚信准绳,出格是当某些行动未在条约中明白商定或须要按照至心实行条约时。可是,在与大陆法系差别的传统英法律王法公法律系统下,不所谓的诚信学说。英法律王法公法律持久以来对诚信准绳有某种敌意的缘由一方面在于左券自在的传统,只需一方不在买卖中做曲解或讹诈,谁将会对另外一方不承当所谓的通俗至心任务;另外一方面,缘由在于营业需要,不太能够请求营业主体以“诚信”行事,由于营业主体的性子是追赶利润,这限定了商业品德。
Good faith is an important doctrine of contract law. In English contract, good faith can be seen everywhere, which creating an illusion that in the contract the so-called “good faith” means a party has an obligation to the other party. In continental law system, the doctrine of good faith is considered as an “empire provision” which reigns for the contract law. In China, both the General Principles of the Civil Law and the Contract Law adapt the doctrine of good faith, and further clearly integrating good faith as one of the principles which must be complied by the civil subject when exercising rights and performing obligations. The judge will take the initiative to apply the doctrine of good faith in some judicial cases, especially when some behaviors have not expressly agreed upon in the contract or when need to perform the contract according to good faith. However, under the traditional English law system, which is different with continental law system, there is not a so-called good faith doctrine. The reason why the English law has certain hostility to the doctrine of good faith for quite a long time, on the one hand lies in the tradition of contract freedom, as long as one party is not do misrepresentation or fraud in the deal, who will not bear any obligation of the so-called general good faith to the other party; on the other hand, the reason lies in the business requirements, it is less likely to require the business subject acting in “good faith”, because the nature of business subject is chasing profits, which have limited the business morality. 
In the case Walford v.Miles [1992] 2 AC 128, Lord Ackner has said, “[H]ow can a court be expected to decidewhether, subjectively, a proper reason existed for the termination ofnegotiations? The answer suggested depends upon whether the negotiations havebeen determined ‘in good faith’. However, the concept of a duty to carry on negotiations in good faith isinherently repugnant to the adversarial position of the parties when involvedin negotiations. Eachparty to the negotiations is entitled to pursue his (or her) own interest, solong as he avoids making misrepresentations. To advance that interest hemust be entit
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